precious stones in the bible and their meaning pdf
Agate is named as the second stone in the third row of the High Priest’s breastplate. They were chosen to go with the piece of jewelry for a specific healing property they have. While sapphire, diamond and emerald gems weighing hundreds of carats exist, high quality rubies of even 20 carats are rare. Coral is a limestone formation of calcium carbonate produced by the skeletons of millions of tiny marine animals (polyps). According to Pliny (AD 23-69), the topaz (Gr. The diamond was probably not true identity of these stones because the diamond was not identified in the Mediterranean lands until the first century AD, and then it was not valued for it’s beauty as a decorative gemstone, but for it’s use as a tool for carving other stones due to it’s hardness. In no case, however, is this stone transparent." Interestingly, the gemstones listed as part of the priest's breastplate are similar to the 12 stones that the Bible describes in the Book of Revelation as comprising the 12 gates to the wall of the holy city that God will create at the end of the world, when God makes a "new heaven" and a "new earth." They are generally not as large as some of the other gemstones. Pliny the Elder (AD 23 - 69) describes imitation sardonyx made of a triple stripe of quality white, red and black stone cemented together. The two shoulder pieces with the two onyx stones and the breastplate with the twelve precious stones were bound, fastened, to the ephod (vv. Ex 28:18, 39:11, Jer 17:1, Ezek 28:13. As more information surfaces thanks to archaeological findings and the writings of ancient historians such as Theophrastus (372-287 BC), Elder Pliny (23-79 AD), and Josephus (37-100 AD), we are able to come a bit closer to making some identifications sure. Pliny the Elder describes ‘sapir’ or ‘sapphires’ as an opaque, azure-colored stone with flecks of gold. In these cases it is most likely that some other red stone is the true identification (i.e. In Exodus 24: 9-10, the foot of God’s throne is described as follows: Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up and saw the God of Israel. CRYSTAL Now, of course, the emerald is considered the most valued of the beryls. See Peridot (Chrysolite), TURQUOISE The ‘bridge’ element in the title reflects the aim of all Bridgeway books, which is to bridge two gaps at once – the gap between the word of the Bible and the world of today, and the gap between the technical reference works and the ordinary reader. The pearl holds the distinction of being the only gem that is formed within a living organism. The most tantalizing stone in countless colors, agate is mentioned five times in the bible. Rock crystal is very abundant and can occur in single crystals that can weigh several tons. Gen 2:12, Ex 28:20, Job 28:16, Ezek 28:13. Rubies did not come into use until the Roman Empire around 300 BC. However when Pliny (the natural historian during the time when the book of Revelation was written) describes the chrysolite (Gr. This gives significance to Jesus’ story about the “pearl of great price.” For many centuries the pearl was known as the “Margarite” from the Greek word for pearl, margarites, which is the name of the oyster that produces the pearl found in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea, margaritafera vulgaris. Bible Gems & Minerals. In the Old Testament, the 12 different precious stones were used to symbolize the 12 tribes of Israel. Download Full PDF Package. Aquamarine was the most available variety of beryl during Bible times, while the emerald (also a beryl) was more rare. Ex 28:19, 39:12, Ezek 28:13, Job 28:19, See a list of semi-precious stones with pictures and the most popular stones. Ancient peoples developed many uses for crystal. With our guidance at Small, natural crystal was often used uncut as jewelry - either strung or placed in a setting. Odem here could have been any one of several red stones known to the ancient Hebrews; the garnet or red jasper, as well as the sardius (carnelian). That the precious stones which were in the breastplate signified Divine truths from Divine good, is evident from the passages in the Word where precious stones are mentioned; as with John in the Apocalypse:--. Print out our gorgeous illustrated gemstone meaning cards for personal use, or if you are a shop owner, print out our small description cards to include with purchase. In the Roman empire at the time of Christ pearls became quite the rage. It has a waxy luster and can be semi-transparent to translucent. Mount these stones in gold filigree settings. Some gemstones were mined in Israel, but the Hebrew people also obtained gemstones from the Middle East and Asia. Lapis lazuli is given a particular place of honor among Biblical gemstones, Rock Tumbling: Free Beginner’s Guide to Tumbling Gemstones. 28:9-12). Here you will find a comprehensive list of gemstones that we sell here on Gem Rock Auctions. It is, in fact, a combination of stones fused together, and its colorings are like a bright summer sky. Some gemstones were mined in Israel, but the Hebrew people also obtained gemstones from the Middle East and Asia. Joshua 4:2-9 ESV / 50 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful “Take twelve men from the people, from each tribe a man, and command them, saying, ‘Take twelve stones from here out of the midst of the Jordan, from the very place where the priests' feet stood firmly, and bring them over with you and lay them down in the place where you lodge tonight.’” Ezekeil 28:13 - Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. There is evidence that these mines were in operation as early as 1650 BC (the time that the Hebrew people would have been in Egypt). It’s color, which ranges from yellow-green to a deep bottle green comes from the presence of iron. Gemstone Meanings in the 12 heavenly stones. The Bible makes numerous references to jewels and precious stones. Most scholars agree that the emerald was the stone meant here. And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David's head. Actual sapphire did not appear in the lands in question until 300 BC. It was fashioned into beads, pins, brooches, signet rings, goblets, cups, bottles, bowls, and carved figurines. There are several places in the Old Testament where ruby is the term used in the translation of various stones. The second row contained garnet, malachite, or turquoise in the first slot, lapis lazuli in the second, and onyx in the third. The term sapphire appears many times in the Bible (see references above), however, the stone we associate with sapphire today was not known in Bible lands until the Roman Empire (300 BC). Being as the version in the paragraph above is older, it is probably the more accurate of the two. The Hebrew word shoham is most often translated as onyx and is the second stone in the 4th row of Aaron’s breastpiece. See Aquamarine and Emerald, CARNELIAN (SARDIUS) Browse through our list of precious, semi-precious, and lab-created stones and learn about their value for jewelry. red jasper, carnelian, garnet). Sapphires were not known before the Roman empire and were initially considered to be jacinth. All other colors of corundum are called sapphire. Download PDF. Anyone who is interested in the meaning of gemstones and who has an interest in history and legend has probably noticed that there are a number of precious and semi-precious gemstones mentioned in the Bible. Turquoise is not mentioned in the KJV of the Bible, but it can be found in references in some of the newer translations. It is believed that the stones used in the breastplate must have been somewhat soft, since the breastplate’s artisans were prohibited from using paint or ink to mark them and were not allowed to use chisels either. There were distinguishing signs for each prince; each had a flag and a different color for every flag, corresponding to the precious stones on the breast of Aaron… Reuben’s stone was odem and the color of his flag was red; and embroidered thereon were mandrakes. home . The term chrusolithos literally means ” gold stone” and very likely refers to the yellow topaz of today. They also have the distinction throughout history of often being mistaken for rubies. The word sardonyx comes from the Greek sardonux, and has remained relatively unchanged for centuries. Agates are a form of chalcedony (a fine-grained variety of quartz) that are banded or lined in a variety of patterns of colored layers. Because it is of animal origin it is not technically considered a mineral. The Hebrew word here is odem which simply means “red” and could have been any number of red stones (though most likely not the ruby as they were not in use until 300 BC). PERIDOT (CHRYSOLITE) There are other gemstones that appear in the Bible, but these references are certainly the most prominent of them. Next instance of agate reference is in Isaiah 54:12 where it is used to build fortresses joined by carbuncles and other precious stones. The Hebrews obtained their precious stones from Arabia, India, and Egypt. Amethyst is the third stone in the third row of the High Priest’s breastplate (Ex. See Topaz, RUBY illustration set of precious stones of different cuts and colors. Precious stones. Next instance of agate reference is in Isaiah 54:12 where it is used to build fortresses joined by carbuncles and other precious stones. In fact, one of the characteristics of jasper is that it is able to take a high polish and was used in ancient times as mantles, pillars, vases, and other interior decorations. It was not until the King James Version of the Bible that the term pearl was used. STONE, n. Gr. Egyptian blue paint was made from finely ground lapis. Colors range from white to dull yellow, red, brown, orange, blue, black and gray. It held twelve precious stones set in gold filigree: sardius (ruby), ... an onyx and a jasper. Gems which are mentioned in the Bible include agate, amethyst, carnelian, coral, pearl, sapphire, and dozens of others. Silver stones: silver, granite • Iridescent:promises of God Iridescent stones: opal • Pink: joy, healing, new life in Christ Pink stones: rose quartz • Clear: transparent, pure Clear stones: quartz crystal. But Hannah declares, “There is no Rock like our God!” 1 Samuel 2:2. Historians have likened it to “a thousand leagues of sunlit sea imprisoned in a cup.” It’s very name is descriptive of it’s color: aqua meaning water and marine meaning sea. Required fields are marked *. The color can vary in intensity from a pale, almost pinkish (mauve) color to a dark purplish violet. These seal rings were most often cut as intaglios where the design is cut down into the stone, so that when it is pressed into the seal material (clay or wax) the impression leaves a raised design. Blue is considered a holy color in Israel, and this is likely the reason. If the polyps die before a branch reaches the surface, the coral turns dark and loses its value. shop . These precious stones, and their diversity of attributes are like the virtues that bring one closer to Christ likeness. At Energy Muse, our gemstones and crystals have healing properties that help to balance the body, mind, and spirit. 21:20). Many of these gemstones are mentioned in ritualistic contexts. Most scholars agree that lapis lazuli is actually the stone meant for the term “sapphire” in the Bible. Did you know that the onyx stone is mentioned 11 times in the Bible? Gem quality coral or precious coral is only found in a few places in the world, one being the warm waters of the Mediterranean Sea which produces some of the very finest. The foundations of the city walls of New Jerusalem are described in great detail, and contained twelve precious gemstones: jasper, sapphire, chalcedony, emerald, sardonyx, carnelian, chrysolite, beryl, topaz, chrysoprase, jacinth, and amethyst. In Exodus 28:21 the Lord ordains precious stones to be used in the making of the breastpiece of the High Priests’ garments. In the Book of Revelation, a description appears of a city wall with layers of stone. Large amounts of agate have been found in archaeological digs of Sumer, dating back to 3500 BC. Kashmir, India was one of the earliest sources of fine sapphires. It was used for jewelry, ornamentation, seals, and amulets. 1. This precious coral has been harvested from the earliest times and prized by many civilizations. See Beryl, Emerald, BERYL In Bible times stones were identified by color, such as the Hebrew term odem which simply means “red stone.” This could have been any number of red stones known at the time (i.e. The stones listed for the foundation include diamond, lapis lazuli, turquoise, crystal, agate, ruby, gold quartz, malachite, topaz, emerald, sapphire, and amethyst. This belief persisted until the nineteenth century! Ex 28:19, 39:10; Rev 4:3, 21:20. It is possible that the sardonyx of Bible times was not limited to the reddish-brown and white stripes. Within the tabernacle there is gold, and on the breastplate of the robe of the priest there are twelve stones; this indicates that the tribes (signifying the church) are transformed into precious stones, … Josephus the Jewish historian indicates this stone was used for the shoulder pieces of the ephod. Emeralds were well known among the people of the Bible lands. Each of the foundation stones was inscribed with a name of one of the 12 apostles. The Roman historian and writer, Elder Pliny (23-79 AD), describes the color and characteristics of the aquamarine in his description of the berullos stone of his time. History. Emeralds were engraved with her likeness and given as gifts to her guests. Ex 28:17, 39:10; Prov 8:11, 31:10, Job 28:18, Ezek 28:13, Rubies are the red gem variety of the mineral corundum. The diamond has the highest melting point of any substance (3,820 degrees Kelvin), is an excellent heat conductor, and has very low reactivity to chemicals. According to the Encyclopedia Judaica, the Hebrew word for emerald is most likely bareqet, which is the third stone in the first row of the High Priests’ breastplate. It has only been since the mid-1800’s that we have begun to identify stones according to their mineral content. It is listed as the third foundation stone of the New Jerusalem. So the term topaz of Bible times was actually the peridot (or chrysolite) of today. Chalcedony in gem form is general cut in cabochons, as it is not well suited for faceting. Many supernatural powers have been attributed to precious stones throughout the ages. Egyptians mined crystal as early as 3500 BC. On each of the stones was inscribed the name of one of the tribes of Israel, presumably in the order of their births, as was the case with the onyx stones … Mostly due to their color ( i.e next instance of agate have been lost time. With Infographic of gemstones that we know today as lapis Aaron, contains another prominent of... 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